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Marshes. Shallow water in muddy soil.
Asclepias incarnata, Calamagrostis canadensis, Iris versicolor, Sagittaria latifolia, Typha latifolia
All states east of the Rockies except FL and LA. Also occurs on the west coast.
Herbaceous perennial. Leaves all basal, on long-petioles, the blade elliptic to ovate, rounded or subcordate at base. Inflorescence a loosely branched panicle. Flowers perfect, petals 3, white, to 2 mm long; stamens 6.
Flowers July to September
Wetland Indicator: Obligate
Roots were dried and eaten by Native Americans. The roots are toxic when fresh.
Peterson, L. A. 1977. A Field Guide to Edible Wild Plants: Eastern and central North America.
Houghton Mifflin Company. New York, NY
Swink, F. and G.
Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region.
Indiana Academy of Science. The Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.
USDA, NRCS. 2002.
The PLANTS Database, Version 3.5 (http://plants.usda.gov).
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA
© Michael Hough 2004