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Dry shaded habitats, ranging from woodlands to rocky cliffs to fens and bogs.
Nova Scotia west to Saskatchewan, south to FL and TX.
Perennial from a stout rhizome, 30-200 cm. Basal leaves long petiolate; leaflets broadly obovate, crenately toothed or lobed. Flowers nodding; sepals 5, red; petals 5, yellow with a long, red spur, sometimes all yellow or yellow-red.
Flowers April to July
Wetland Indicator: Facultative -
This genus contains mostly western species. This is the only species commonly found in the east except for the introduced A. vulgaris, the European columbine, which has white and blue petals.
Aquilegia vulgaris L. - European Columbine
Gleason, Henry A.
and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States
and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.
The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY
Swink, F. and G.
Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region.
Indiana Academy of Science. The Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.
© Michael Hough 2004