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Rich woods, in rocky ravines or in dense shade on north-facing slopes. Calcareous swamps.
Acer saccharum, Actaea pachypoda, Caulophyllum thalictroides, Panax quinquefolius.
Quebec and New Brunswick west to MN and SD, south to NC and northern Mexico.
Robust perennial herb or subshrub to 2 m. Leaves cauline, wide-spreading to 80 cm, pinnately compound; leaflets ovate, acuminate, doubly serrate. Flowers greenish-white, in long, paniculate racemes bearing 12 or more umbels. Fruit dark purple.
Flowers July to August
Wetland Indicator: Upland
The root has been used to make tea and as a flavoring in root beer. One of the largest herbaceous plants found in the Northeastern U.S.
Gleason, Henry A.
and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States
and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.
The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY
Peterson, L. A. 1977. A Field Guide to Edible Wild Plants: Eastern and central North America.
Houghton Mifflin Company. New York, NY
Swink, F. and G.
Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region.
Indiana Academy of Science. The Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.
© Michael Hough 2004