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Moist or wet woods.
DE and southern IN and MO, south to FL and TX; introduced north to NY, southern New England, and MI.
Shrub or small tree to 12 m; stem, branches, petioles, and leaf-rachis with stout prickles. Leaves to 1 m, mostly twice-compound; leaflets ovate, 4-10 cm, acute to acuminate, serrate, acute or broadly rounded at the base. Umbels numerous, in a large, terminal, compound panicle. Fruit black.
Flowers June to July
Wetland Indicator: Facultative
Also called Hercules' Club. Apparently introduced, it can be found in the Catskills region of NY and a few other counties across the state. This specimen was photographed in Clearfield, PA.
Gleason, Henry A.
and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States
and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.
The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY
© Michael Hough 2010