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Woods, thickets, old fields, in subacid to acid soil.
Circumboreal, in North America from Newfoundland to Alberta, south to NJ, MD, VA, NC, TN, northern OH, WI, SD, and CO.
Trophophore blade dull green, submembranous, oblong to ovate in outline, 1-3 pinnate, to 10 cm, usually stalked (0-5 mm); apex of the blade reflexed and clasping the erect sporophore in bud; pinnae 2-7 pairs, subopposite, obtuse or acutish, obstusely sublobate or again pinnatifid with obtusely lobed segments; sporophote 1-3-pinnate, 3-12+ cm on a stalk 1-4 cm.
Spores produced June to August
Wetland category: NA
New leaves emerge in spring and senesce by late summer.
Gleason, Henry A.
and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States
and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.
The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY
Wagner, W.H, Jr. and
Wagner, F.S. 1993. Botrychium. In: Flora of North America North of
Mexico, Vol. 2. Oxford University Press, New York and Oxford.
© Michael Hough 2018