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Bogs and acid swamps.
Pitcher plant, poison sumac, marsh cinquefoil, dwarf birch, winterberry holly.
Circumboreal; in North America south to MD, IL, IA, WI, MN, and ND.
Monocot. Spreads by a creeping, elongate rhizome.
Flowers mid June to early October
Wetland indicator: Obligate
Listed as endangered in IL, IN, and MD.
Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.
The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY
Swink, F. and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region.
Indiana Academy of Science. The Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.
USDA, NRCS. 2002. The PLANTS Database, Version 3.5 (http://plants.usda.gov).
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA
© Michael Hough 2004