Camassia scilloides (Raf.) Cory - Wild Hyacinth


 

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Camassia scilloides - (image 1 of 4)

 

Taxonomy

Family: Liliaceae

Habitat

Prairies, savannas, moist woods, woodland borders.

Associates

 

Distribution

Western PA and southern Ontario west to southern WI and eastern KS, south to GA and TX.

Morphology

Perennial from a bulb 1-3 cm thick. Leaves linear, all basal, to 40 cm long and 1 cm wide. Flowers in a loose, terminal, bracteate raceme on a scape 30-60 cm long; tepals 6, white to blue or pale violet, to 1.2 cm; stamens 6, hypogenous; style solitary, slender with a tri-lobed stigma. Fruit a subglobose, transversely veined capsule.

Notes

Flowers late April to early June

Wetland indicator: Facultative +

The bulbs are edible and can be prepared by boiling or baking, although the texture is said to be gummy.

References

Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.
The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY


Peterson, L. A. 1977. A Field Guide to Edible Wild Plants: Eastern and central North America
Houghton Mifflin Company. New York, NY
 

Swink, F. and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region. Indiana Academy of Science.
The Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.
 


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 Michael Hough 2010