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Synonymous with Cardamine rhomboidea (Pers.) DC.
Moist woods and calcareous fens. Sometimes in shallow water.
Angelica atropurpurea, Caltha palustris, Impatiens capensis, Lilium michiganense, Lycopus americanus, Symplocarpus foetidus. Fraxinus americana, Geum canadense, Sambucus canadensis, Ulmus americana.
Quebec west to MN, SD, and KS, south to FL and TX.
Perennial from a short, stout, tuber-like rhizome near the soil surface; stems simple or branched above, to 60 cm when in flower. Leaves simple, ovate, subentire to repand-dentate; upper stem glabrous but often puberulent towards the base; cauline leaves 5 or more. Flowers white or rarely pink; sepals green, changing to yellow after anthesis. Fruit slender, to 2.5 cm.
Flowers mid April to mid June
Wetland indicator: Obligate
This specimen was found growing with yellow star grass, common valerian, and white lady slipper orchids.
Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.
The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY
Swink, F. and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region.
Indiana Academy of Science. The Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.
© Michael Hough 2004