Cardamine bulbosa (Muhl.) BSP. - Bulbous Cress


 

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Cardamine bulbosa - (image 1 of 4)

 

Taxonomy

Family: Brassicaceae

 

Synonymous with Cardamine rhomboidea (Pers.) DC.

Habitat

Moist woods and calcareous fens. Sometimes in shallow water.

Associates

Angelica atropurpurea, Caltha palustris, Impatiens capensis, Lilium michiganense, Lycopus americanus, Symplocarpus foetidus. Fraxinus americana, Geum canadense, Sambucus canadensis, Ulmus americana.

Distribution

Quebec west to MN, SD, and KS, south to FL and TX.

Morphology

Perennial from a short, stout, tuber-like rhizome near the soil surface; stems simple or branched above, to 60 cm when in flower. Leaves simple, ovate, subentire to repand-dentate; upper stem glabrous but often puberulent towards the base; cauline leaves 5 or more. Flowers white or rarely pink; sepals green, changing to yellow after anthesis. Fruit slender, to 2.5 cm.

Notes

Flowers mid April to mid June

Wetland indicator: Obligate

This specimen was found growing with yellow star grass, common valerian, and white lady slipper orchids. 

References

Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.

The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY

 

Swink, F. and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region.
Indiana Academy of Science. The Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.

 


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Michael Hough 2004