Carex formosa Dewey - Handsome Sedge


 

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Carex formosa - (image 1 of 4)

 

Taxonomy

Family: Cyperaceae

 

Section Hymenochlaenae

Habitat

Mesic to dry calcareous woods, ravines, moist meadows.

Associates

 

Distribution

MA, CT, and southern Quebec to MI, WI, and ND.

Morphology

Tufted perennial, 30-70 cm, strongly purplish at the base; main leaves 3-7 mm wide, hairy beneath; sheaths hairy at least on the back; terminal spike with a few distal perigynia; lateral spikes pistillate, with a few basal staminate flowers, well separated, cylindric, 1-3 cm long and 5 mm wide, densely many-flowered, erect or spreading, on peduncles about as long; bracts all sheathing, the uppermost much reduced; pistillate scales ovate to obovate, slightly shorter than the perigynia, obtuse to acuminate or cuspidate; perigynia ovoid, 4-5 mm and half as wide, obtusely trigonous, sharply several-nerved, acuminately narrowed to a distinct beak; achene sharply and concavely trigonous.

Notes

Fruiting June to July

Wetland indicator: FAC

This species has shorter pistillate spikes with fewer perigynia than other members of section Hymenochlaenae. Rare to endangered in all U.S. states in which it is found. Ontario seems to be the only place that it is considered to be secure.

References

Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.
The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY

 


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Michael Hough 2018