Carex umbellata Schkuhr ex Willd. - Parasol Sedge


 

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Carex umbellata - (image 1 of 6)

 

Taxonomy

Family: Cyperaceae

 

Section Acrocystis     

Habitat

Dry to mesic, circumneutral to calcareous soil, in part shade or sun.

Associates

 

Distribution

Newfoundland to MN (also Saskatchewan and British Columbia), south to VA, GA, MO, and TX; Greenland.

Morphology

Densely tufted perennial; stems basally fibrillose, 5-10(-20) cm, much surpassed and often concealed by the leaves; leaves 1-2.3(-3.8) mm wide; staminate spike terminal, 4.6-13 mm, sometimes with a short pistillate spike just beneath it, the subtending bracts of this pistillate spike scale-like and shorter than the staminate spike; 1-3 near-basal, short-pedunculate pistillate spikes 4-10 mm generally associated with each flowering stem, more or less removed from the terminal staminate spike; pistillate scales reddish brown with narrow white margins, ovate, 2.8-3.9 mm long, equaling or exceeding the perigynia, acute to acuminate at the apex; perigynia 2.2-3.2 mm long, pale green maturing to pale brown, veinless, obovoid, obtusely trigonous; beak straight, strongly 2-edged, 0.4-1 mm, weakly ciliate-serrulate, with apical teeth 0.1-0.2 mm; achenes brown, ellipsoid, obtusely trigonous.

Notes

Fruiting mid March to June

Wetland indicator: NA

This sedge is often found near ant hills and when the perigynia are shed ants can often be seen carrying them away. Similar to C. tonsa but with shorter perigynia (2.2-3.2 mm long vs. 3.1-4.7 mm long) with shorter beaks (0.4-1 mm vs. 0.9-2 mm).

References

Ball, P.W. and A.A. Reznicek. 2002. Carex, In: Flora of North America Editorial Committee, Eds. Flora of North America North of Mexico. Volume 23. Oxford University Press, New York.

 

Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.
The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY

 


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Michael Hough 2018