Ceanothus herbaceus  Raf. - Inland New Jersey Tea


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Ceanothus herbaceus - (image 1 of 5)



Family: Rhamnaceae


Sandy or rocky soil. Dunes, prairies and plains.




Found in the Midwest and Great Plains from MI to MN and eastern MT, south to northwest IN, AR, and TX. Less eastern than C. americanus, although a few populations occur in VT, NY, and Quebec.


Low growing, multi-stemmed woody shrub to 1 m. Leaves 3-veined, toothed, mostly oblong or elliptic, the larger ones less than 2 cm wide. Flowers in several to many hemispheric to short-ovoid panicles, terminating leafy shoots of the season; petals 5, white.


Flowers May and June

Wetland indicator: Upland

Also called Prairie Redroot. The specific epithet probably refers to the fact that the flowers occur on new wood, because the plant is not herbaceous. Endangered in several states. Of the 55 species of Ceanothus in North America, only two occur in the Northeast. 


Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.
The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY


Swink, F. and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region.
Indiana Academy of Science. The Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.


USDA, NRCS. 2002. The PLANTS Database, Version 3.5 (http://plants.usda.gov).

National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.




 Michael Hough 2004