Chelone obliqua  L. - Red Turtlehead


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Chelone obliqua - (image 1 of 5)



Family: Scrophulariaceae


Wet woods.




Along the coastal plain from MD to AL; also IN to southern MN and AR. Sometimes escapes from cultivation.


Herbaceous perennial to 70 cm. Leaves opposite, lanceolate or lance-oblong, serrate, acuminate, to 12 cm long, obtuse or broadly cuneate at the base; petiole 5-15 mm. Flowers in a terminal spike, purple to red-purple, with a white or yellowish beard; staminode white or whitish.   


Flowers July to September

Wetland indicator: Obligate

Although this is mainly a southern species, it is a hardy and popular garden plant in the north.


Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.
The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY


Swink, F. and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region.
Indiana Academy of Science. The Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.




 Michael Hough 2010