Chimaphila umbellata  (L.) W. Bartram - Pipsissewa


 

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Chimaphila umbellata - (image 1 of 4)

 

Taxonomy

Family: Pyrolaceae

Habitat

Dry, acid woods, often in sandy soil.

Associates

 

Distribution

 

Circumboreal, south to VA, WV, northern IN, CO, and CA.

Morphology

Evergreen sub-shrub, 10-30 cm tall, from a creeping rhizome. Leaves oblanceolate, tapering to the base, dark green (not marked with white), 3-6 cm, acute or mucronate, sharply toothed above and mostly entire below, tapering to a short petiole. Flowers 4-8, corymbose or subumbellate, 10-15 mm wide; petals 5, white to pink, wide-spreading. Fruit an upright capsule.   

Notes

Flowers June

Wetland indicator: Upland

The name Pipsissewa is derived from the Cree word pipisisikweu which means "it breaks into pieces" as the plant was once used to treat bladder stones. Also called Prince's Pine.

References

Collins English Dictionary. 2009. Pipsissewa. Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition. William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd.

 

Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.
The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY

 

Swink, F. and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region.
Indiana Academy of Science. The Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.

 


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 Michael Hough 2010