Cicuta bulbifera  L. - Bulblet-bearing Water Hemlock


 

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Cicuta bulbifera - (image 1 of 7)

 

Taxonomy

Family: Apiaceae

Habitat

Moist soils. These were found growing in a bog.

Associates

In minerotrophic wetlands can be found growing with Asclepias incarnata, Bidens cernua, Calamagrostis canadensis, Campanula aparinoides, Thelypteris palustris, Eupatorium perfoliatum, Impatiens capensis, Leersia oryzoides, Lycopus uniflorus, Sagittaria latifolia, Scirpus cyperinus, Typha latifolia.

Distribution

Newfoundland west to AK, south to PA, WV, KY, KS, and OR, and at high elevation to VA.

Morphology

Herbaceous perennial with slender stems to 1 m. Leaflets linear, up to 5mm wide with coarse teeth, all growing from stem. Veins of the leaves end in the sinuses rather than the teeth. Bulblets form in the axils of the upper leaves. Flowers white, petals 5, in umbels.  

Notes

Flowers late July into late August

Wetland indicator: Obligate

Highly poisonous. Not as common as C. maculata. Overall rather delicate in appearance.

References

Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.
The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY

 

Swink, F. and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region.
Indiana Academy of Science. The Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.

 


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 Michael Hough 2004