Climacium dendroides (Hedw.) F. Weber & D. Mohr - Tree Moss


 

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Climacium dendroides - (image 1 of 5)

 

Taxonomy

Family: Climaciaceae

Habitat

Humus or soil in swampy places.

Associates

 

Distribution

Circumpolar; in North American from northern Quebec west to AK, south to PA, WI, NM, AZ, and CA; New Zealand.

Morphology

Robust, erect, dendroid moss; dull, dark green or yellow-brown, shiny when dry. Branch leaves erect, smooth to sulcate, 2-3 mm long, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, more or less rounded at the base, occasionally slightly auriculate; upper median cells oblong-rhomboidal; alar cells pale, thin-walled, slightly inflated in small, inconspicuous groups. Setae 1.8-4.5 cm long; capsules 1.5-3 mm long, oblong cylindric; operculum more or less rostrate. Spores spherical, 12-22 μm, minutely papillose.

Notes

Spreads by horizontal, subterranean stems. Sporophytes rarely produced.

References

Crum, H. 2004. Mosses of the Great Lakes Forest, 4th ed.

The University of Michigan Herbarium. Ann Arbor, MI

 

 


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 Michael Hough 2010