Conopholis americana (L.) Wallr. - Squaw Root


 

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Conopholis americana - (image 1 of 4)

 

Taxonomy

Family: Orobanchaceae

Habitat

Rich woods.

Associates

A parasite that occurs on the roots of oaks (Quercus spp.)

Distribution

Nova Scotia south to FL, west to northern MI, WI, IL and AL.

Morphology

Achlorophyllous perennial herb. Stems stout, erect, pale yellow-brown, to 20 cm. Leaves reduced and scale-like, ovate or broadly lanceolate. Flower spike constituting most of the shoot; corolla tubular.

Notes

Flowers May and June

Wetland Indicator: Upland (?)

There are only two species in this genus that occur in North America. Also called cancer root. Anywhere this plant occurs there is an oak tree nearby.

References

 

Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.

The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY

 

Swink, F. and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region.
Indiana Academy of Science. The Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.

 


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Michael Hough 2004