Corallorhiza trifida Chatelain - Early Coralroot


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Corallorhiza trifida - (image 1 of 3)



Family: Orchidaceae


Swampy woods, tamarack bogs.




Circumboreal; south in North America to NJ, PA, IL, MO, and NM.


Perennial to 30 cm, from a cluster of whitish, coralloid roots. Stems and flowers mostly yellow-green. Flowers 5-15, spur-less; sepals and lateral petals sometimes light purplish; lip with two small lateral lobes below the middle. 


Flowers May to early July

Wetland Indicator: Facultative Wetland -

Specimens lacking purple spots on the lip, which includes those shown here, are considered to be var. verna (Nutt.).


Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.
The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY


Swink, F. and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region.
Indiana Academy of Science. The Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.


USDA, NRCS. 2002. The PLANTS Database, Version 3.5 (

National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.




 Michael Hough 2009