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Dry, often sandy habitats.
MI and the northern shore of Lake Superior south to FL and NM.
Clustered perennial to 60 cm from a short caudex; stems leafy below, elongate and naked above. Leaves spatulate to linear or lance-linear, simple or with 1-2 pairs of small lateral lobes; lower leaves long-petiolate, mostly 5-20 cm long and 0.5-2 cm wide; upper leaves reduced and sessile or nearly so. Heads few or solitary on long, naked peduncles; disk yellow, 1-2 cm wide; outer bracts 8-10, lanceolate to oblong-ovate, with more or less scarious margins; inner bracts longer and broader; rays 1.5-3 cm.
Flowers May to August
Wetland indicator: Facultative Upland
Frequently cultivated and occasionally escapes outside its native range.
Gleason, Henry A.
and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States
and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.
The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY
Swink, F. and G.
Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region.
Indiana Academy of Science. The Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.
Michael Hough © 2004