Corylus cornuta Marsh. - Beaked Hazelnut


 

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Corylus cornuta - (image 1 of 4)

 

Taxonomy

Family: Betulaceae

Habitat

Moist woods and thickets.

Associates

 

Distribution

Newfoundland west to British Columbia, south to NJ, PA, OH, MO, OR, and in mountains to northern GA.

Morphology

Woody shrub to 3 m; petioles and twigs eglandular (but villous when young); buds imbricate, rounded, gray, pubescent. Leaves alternate, simple, broad-ovate to broad-elliptic, doubly serrate. Catkins sessile. Fruit a rounded nut surrounded by an involucre extending into a long beak.     

Notes

Flowers early March to late April

Wetland indicator: Facultative Upland -

Does not seem to be as robust of a shrub as C. americana. Very rare in IL. 

References

Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.
The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY

 

Swink, F. and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region.
Indiana Academy of Science. The Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.

 


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 Michael Hough 2004