Dicentra canadensis (Goldie) Walp. - Squirrel Corn


 

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Dicentra canadensis - (image 1 of 2)

 

Taxonomy

Family: Fumariaceae

Habitat

Rich, mesic woods.

Associates

 

Distribution

Southern ME and southern Quebec west to southern MN, south to NC, TN, and MO.

Morphology

Low, mounding perennial from a short rhizome covered with a few yellow, pea-shaped bulblets. Leaves all basal, finely divided, leaves glaucous beneath. Flowers in an arching scape, irregular; corolla with divaricately spreading spurs, the spurs about as long as broad (more broadly rounded than those of D. cucullaria).

Notes

Flowers April to May

Wetland indicator: Upland

The name squirrel corn presumably is in reference to the small yellow bulblets that form near the base of the plant; not to be confused with a "corm" which is a specialized storage structure found in other groups of plants.

References

Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.
The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY

 

Swink, F. and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region.
Indiana Academy of Science. The Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.

 


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 Michael Hough 2004