Epifagus virginiana (L.) Barton - Beech Drops


 

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Epifagus virginiana - (image 1 of 4)

 

Taxonomy

Family: Orobanchaceae

Habitat

Woodlands. Prefers large beech trees and little disturbance of the ground layer.

Associates

Parasitic on the roots of Fagus grandifolia (American Beech).

Distribution

Quebec and Nova Scotia west to WI, south to FL and LA.

Morphology

Perennial to 0.5 m. Stems pale brown, freely branching. Leaves alternate, scale-like. Flowers dimorphic, axillary; upper flowers zygomorphic to 1 cm long; corolla 4-lobed, white or pinkish, with two brown-purple stripes; lower flowers pistillate, less than 5 mm long, strongly 5-ribbed; calyx 5-lobed; corolla closed, cap-like, forced off by developing ovary. 

Notes

Flowers August to September

Wetland indicator: Upland

Often easy to find beneath beech trees in the fall. The flowering stems often persist over the winter and can sometimes still be found with newly emerging flowers a year later. The genus Epifagus is monospecific.

References

Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.
The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY

 

Swink, F. and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region.
Indiana Academy of Science. The Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.

 


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 Michael Hough 2004