Erythronium albidum Nutt. - White Trout Lily


 

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Erythronium albidum - (image 1 of 7)

 

Taxonomy

Family: Liliaceae

Habitat

Woodlands.

Associates

Allium tricoccum, Arisaema triphyllum, Claytonia virginica, Dentaria laciniata, Decentra cucullaria, Geranium maculatum, Geum canadense, Hydrophyllum virginianum, Phlox divaricata, Podophyllum peltatum, Pelemonium reptans, Sanicula gregaria, Smilacina racemosa, Trillium recurvatum. Woody associates include Acer saccharum, Fraxinus americana, Prunus serotina, Quercus rubra, Ribes missouriense, Ulmus americana.

Distribution

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Morphology

Produces one or two brown mottled leaves. Flowers solitary, nodding, white. Petals and sepals 3, curved backward. Stamens 6, yellow. Stigmas spreading to recurving, 2-3mm long.

Notes

Flowers late March to mid May

Wetland indicator: Upland

Often found in sizable colonies. Fire adapted. The marbled appearance of the foliage makes this an attractive groundcover where it is common.

Bibliography

Niering, W. A. 1979. The Audubon society field guide to North American wildflowers: eastern region.
Knopf/Random House, New York.

 

Swink, F. and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region.
Indiana Academy of Science. The Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.

 


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 Michael Hough 2004