Geum triflorum Pursh - Prairie Smoke


 

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Geum triflorum - (image 1 of 6)

 

Taxonomy

Family: Rosaceae

Habitat

Dry prairies.

Associates

Frequently found with Anemone patens wolfgangiana. Also associates with Amorpha canescens, Andropogon scoparius, Anemone cylindrica, Aster ptarmicoides, Aster sericeus, Bouteloua curtipendula, Carex brevior, Carex umbellata, Dodecatheon meadia, Gentiana puberulenta, Heuchera richardsonii, Kuhnia eupatoroides, Liastris aspera, Linum sulcatum, Lithospermum incisum, Panicum oligosanthes scribnerianum, Petalostemum purpureum, Phlox pilosa fuldiga, Solidago rigida, Sporobolus heterolepsis, Viola pedata lineariloba.

Distribution

From the upper Midwest, west to the Dakotas, south to NM and west to the Pacific. Also part of NY state.

Morphology

Herbaceous, subscapose perennial. Leaves basal, pinnate compound with many more than 6 gradually reduced, lateral, and toothed or lobed leaflets. Calyx campanulate, lobes 5, purple of purple-red, appressed or ascending. Petals 5. Styles straight, some elongating to more than 1cm long. Seeds bear long, feathery filaments to 2" long.

Notes

Flowers late April to early June

Wetland indicator: Upland in the Chicago area. Facultative to facultative upland in some parts of it's range.

One of the first prairie plants to bloom. The flowers are followed by feathery seed heads that look like little puffs of smoke. Native Americans made tea from the roots.

Bibliography

Niering, W. A. 1979. The Audubon society field guide to North American wildflowers: eastern region.
Knopf/Random House, New York.

 

Swink, F. and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region.
Indiana Academy of Science. The Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.

 


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 Michael Hough 2005