Goodyera pubescens (Willd.) R. Br. - Downy Rattlesnake Plantain


 

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Goodyera pubescens - (image 1 of 6)

 

Taxonomy

Family: Orchidaceae

Habitat

Dry woods.

Associates

 

Distribution

Southern ME and southern Quebec to MN, south to SC, GA, AL, and AR.

Morphology

Perennial herb to 40 cm; scape with 4-14 bracts; leaf blades ovate or lance-ovate, 3-6 cm long, the midrib dark green and bordered by a pair of broad white stripes, the primary and secondary lateral veins forming a white reticulum; inflorescence dense, cylindric, 4-10 cm long; galea broadly elliptic, very convex, 4-5.5 mm, upturned at the tip; lateral sepals broadly ovate to obovate, 3.5-5 mm, abruptly short-acuminate; lip subglobose, 3.5-5 mm, with a straight beak less than 1 mm that scarcely projects beyond the ventricose body; rostellar beak obsolete.

Notes

Flowers July or August

Wetland indicator: FACU

Can be distinguished from other Goodyera spp. by its more densely-flowered inflorescence and the relatively short beak of the lip which is less than half as long as the body.

References

Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.

The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY

 

USDA, NRCS. 2002.
The PLANTS Database, Version 3.5 (http://plants.usda.gov).
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.


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 Michael Hough 2018