Lilium superbum L. - Turk's Cap Lily


 

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Lilium superbum - (image 1 of 3)

 

Taxonomy

Family: Liliaceae

Habitat

Wet meadows and thickets, often of river flood plains.

Associates

 

Distribution

MA and southeast NH west to MO, south to GA and MS.

Morphology

Erect, herbaceous perennial to 2.5 m. Main leaves whorled, lanceolate, smooth or somewhat rounded-papillose along the margins. Stems glabrous. Flowers orange-red with darker spots, nodding; perianth segments strongly recurved, almost to the floral tube; petals and sepals 3, similar; stamens 6, spreading; anthers mostly 1.5-2.5 cm. Fruit a capsule.

Notes

Flowers July to August.

Wetland indicator: FACW

Similar to Michigan Lily (L. michiganense) but with smoother leaf margins, longer anthers, and a more eastern distribution.

 

References

Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.
The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY.

 

Swink, F. and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region.
Indiana Academy of Science. The Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.

 


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 Michael Hough 2014