Lobelia cardinalis L. - Cardinal Flower


 

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Lobelia cardinalis - (image 1 of 8)

 

Taxonomy

Family: Lobeliaceae

Habitat

 Moist shaded ground. Along streams, ditches.

Associates

In ditches with Asclepias incarnata, Boehmeria cylindrica, Carex lupulina, Cicuta maculata, Leersia oryzoides, Lobelia siphilitica, Mimulus ringens, Penthorum sedoides, Polygonum hydropiperoides, Ranunculus pensylvanicus, Sium suave, Verbena hastata. In shallow water in shaded ground with Bidens discoidea, Iris virginica, Peltandra virginica Rosa palustris, Saururus cernuus.

Distribution

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Morphology

Herbaceous perennial to 4' high. Basal leaves to 3.5" long, lanceolate to elliptic or ovate, light green; stem leaves alternate, decreasing in size up the stem, sessile, reduced to bracts under the flowers. Flowers; corollas bright red, 5-lobed, 3cm or more long; calyx not auriculate at the base; stamens 5. Fruit a capsule containing many tiny seeds.

Notes

Flowers late July to early October.

Wetland indicator: Obligate

The brilliant red flowers attract hummingbirds. An easy plant to grow in moist ground in part shade. Often short-lived but will reseed in a suitable location.  

Bibliography

Swink, F. and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region.
Indiana Academy of Science. The Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.

 


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 Michael Hough 2005