Pedicularis canadensis L. - Wood Betony


 

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Pedicularis canadensis - (image 1 of 7)

 

Taxonomy

Family: Scrophulariaceae

Habitat

Prairie, black oak savanna, clay slopes. Upland woods.

Associates

In prairies with Andropogon scoparius, Comandra umbellata, Euphorbia corollata, Heuchera richardsonii, Hypoxis hirsuta, Krigia biflora, Lespedeza capitata, Lithospermum canescens, Lobelia spicata, Petalostemum purpureum, Phlox pilosa fulgida, Rudbeckia hirta, Silphium integrifolium, Silphium terebinthinaceum, Sisyrichium albidum, Stipa spartea, Zizia aurea.

Distribution

Quebec and New England west to Manitoba, south FL to TX and northern Mexico.

Morphology

Low herbaceous perennial. Leaves mostly basal, some alternate, oblong-lanceolate, deeply divided into toothed lobes, almost fern-like. Stems usually villous. Flowers tubular, 2-lipped, ranging from yellow to red or both, in short, dense, terminal racemes.

Notes

Flowers mid April to mid June

Wetland indicator: Facultative Upland +

Also called Forest Lousewort. The leaves sometimes develop a purple hue in sunny locations.

 

References

Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.

The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY

 

Niering, W. A. 1979. The Audubon society field guide to North American wildflowers: eastern region.
Knopf/Random House, New York.

 

Swink, F. and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region.
Indiana Academy of Science. The Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.

 

USDA, NRCS. 2002. The PLANTS Database, Version 3.5 (http://plants.usda.gov).
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.

 


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 Michael Hough 2005