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Bogs, peaty fens. Near Lake Michigan in low sand mounds between pannes and along interdunal swales. Often blooms after fire.
In bogs with Andromeda glaucophylla, Calopogon tuberosus, Chamaedaphne calycuta angustifolia, Drosera intermedia, Hypericum virginicum, Osmunda regalis spectabilis, Sarracenia purpurea, Vaccinium macrocarpon. This specimen was also found with Monotropa uniflora, Onoclea sensibilis, Potentilla palustris, and Toxicodendron vernix.
Local throughout much of the eastern half of the U.S.
Herbaceous perennial. Leaf solitary from near the middle of the stem, elliptical to ovate, to 4" long. Stem green, glabrous. Flowers pink, 1-3, subtended by leaf-like bract; lip horizontal, spatulate, fringed, bearded and yellow in the middle.
Flowers early May to early June
Wetland indicator: Facultative Upland
One of our most beautiful native orchids. Endangered or threatened in many states.
Niering, W. A. 1979. The Audubon society field guide to North American
wildflowers: eastern region.
Knopf/Random House, New York.
Swink, F. and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region.
Indiana Academy of Science. The Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.
Michael Hough © 2005