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Epipetric, sometimes at the base of trees or on rocky slopes.
Newfoundland, Newfoundland, Novae Scotia, Ontatio and Quebec south to VA, western NC, northeast NC, northern GA, TN, and eastern OH.
Evergreen fern from a creeping rootstock; stem scales golden brown, nearly concolored; leaves pinnatifid, to 40 cm, elongate-deltate, widest at or near the base, rarely oblong; segments linear to oblong, less than 8 mm wide, margins entire to crenulate, acute to narrowly rounded at the apex; spores averaging less than 52 µm.
Spores from mid October to late November
Wetland indicator: Upland
This species is diploid while P. virginianum is tetraploid. Sterile triploid hybrids of this species and P. virginianum are called P. xincognitum and can be recognized by the presence of misshapen spores.
Hauflet, C.H, Windham,
M.D., Land, F.A., and Whitmore, S.A. 1993. Polypodium. In: Flora of North America North of
Mexico, Vol. 2. Oxford University Press, New York and Oxford.
Michael Hough © 2018