Potentilla simplex Michx. - Common Cinquefoil


 

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Potentilla simplex - (image 1 of 4)

 

Taxonomy

Family: Rosaceae

Habitat

Dry woodlands, dry prairies, abandoned fields, sloping sterile soils. Often disturbed areas.

Associates

In dry woods with Agrimonia gryposepala, Aster sagittifolius drummondii, Carex pensylvanica, Claytonia virginica, Cornus racemosa, Fraxinus americana, Galium concinnum, Geranium maculatum, Podophyllum peltatum, Prunella vulgaris lanceolata, Prunus serotina, Prunus virginiana, Quercus alba, Toxicodendron radicans, Vitis riparia.

Distribution

Newfoundland and Quebec west to MN, south AL to TX.

Morphology

Low, trailing herbaceous perennial. Leaves alternate, palmately compound; leaflets typically 5, the larger more than 5cm long, pubescent. Stems pubescent. Flowers bright yellow, singly on long peduncles from the axils of trailing or ascending leaves. Flowers yellow; petals 5, blunt. Fruit an achene.

Notes

Flowers early May to early July

Wetland indicator: Facultative Upland -

Quite common in open woods, especially along trails.

References

 

Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.

The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY.

 

Swink, F. and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region.
Indiana Academy of Science. The Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.

 


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 Michael Hough 2005