Prunella vulgaris L. var. lanceolata (Barton) Fern. - Self Heal


 

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Prunella vulgaris - (image 1 of 3)

 

Taxonomy

Family: Lamiaceae

Habitat

Disturbed woodlands, pastures. Border between meadow and woodland. Calcareous fen.

Associates

Found in pastures with Erigeron annuus, Fragaria virginiana, Monarda fistulosa, Rudbeckia hirta.

Distribution

Throughout the U.S. and southern Canada.

Morphology

Erect, herbaceous perennial to 1' high. Leaves opposite, oblong-lanceolate to lance-ovate, entire to slightly toothed, typically crenate at the base, more than twice as long as wide. Stem square. Flowers blue-purple, to .5" long, in dense terminal spikes; calyx bilabiate, the lower lip 3-lobed, the center lobe fringed and whitish; stamens 4; floral bracts rounded, hairy.

Notes

Flowers mid June to late October

Wetland indicator: Facultative Upland in the Chicago Region

This variety represents the native element of this species. The Eurasian var. vulgaris is a common lawn weed.

References

 

Niering, W. A. 1979. The Audubon society field guide to North American wildflowers: eastern region.
Knopf/Random House, New York.

 

Swink, F. and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region.
Indiana Academy of Science. The Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.

 


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 Michael Hough 2005