Pseudolycopodiella caroliniana (L.) Holub - Carolina Bog Clubmoss


 

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Pseudolycopodiella caroliniana - (image 1 of 3)

 

Taxonomy

Family: Lycopodiaceae

Habitat

Acid bogs and wet sandy pine-barrens, often with sphagnum.

Associates

 

Distribution

MA (extirpated) and Long Island to FL and TX, mainly on the coastal plain, rarely inland and interruptedly pantropical.

Morphology

Sterile (horizontal) stems creeping and rooting, to 10 cm, branched, about 1 mm in diameter, dorsiventral with 6-ranked leaves, the 2 lower ranks spreading and appearing lateral, lance-ovate, to 7 mm long, acuminate, entire, the upper 4 ranks erect, much smaller, lanceolate, to 5 mm, attenuate; erect stems 10-30 cm, terete, about 1 mm diameter, with leaves scattered, equal, bract-like, linear-subulate, to 5 mm, ascending or appressed; strobili soliatary, 2-12 cm long and 5-7 mm diameter; sporophylls yellow-green, broad-based, with subulate spreading tips.

Notes

Spores produced September to October

Wetland indicator: FACW

The relatively long spreading leaves give the stems of this species a more flattened appearance relative to species in the genus Lycopodiella.   

References

Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.
The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY.

 


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 Michael Hough 2018