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Dry, gentle slopes with scattered trees and little undergrowth, often on clay soil. Occasionally found in hill-prairie remnants.
Most of the eastern half of the U.S.
Herbaceous perennial from a short rhizome. Leaves mostly basal, longer than wide, the segments deeply lobed with the terminal segment stalked; cauline leaves 1 to 3, sessile, with fewer divisions. Flowers yellow, on long pedicels; style elongate, slender, nearly straight. Fruit a smooth, flattened, sharply margined achene with slightly raised lateral nerves.
Flowers early April to late May
Wetland indicator: Facultative Upland
Blooms early in the season.
Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.
The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY
Swink, F. and G.
Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region.
Indiana Academy of Science. The Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.
USDA, NRCS. 2002.
The PLANTS Database, Version 3.5 (http://plants.usda.gov).
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.
Michael Hough © 2005