| back | forward |
Sandy shores, calcareous slopes. Occasionally in swamps or fens.
Newfoundland, Quebec to ME and the Great Lakes region, southern IL, WI, and northern Hudson Bay.
Deciduous shrub 2-4 m tall, occasionally larger. Twigs dark brown or reddish-brown, hairy when young. Leaves dark green above, glaucous below, alternate, lanceolate to obovate, rounded or cordate at the base, acute to short-acuminate, glandular crenate-serrate; stipules semi-ovate 0.5-1 cm; petioles 0.5-1.5 mm. Catkins 2-8 cm, appearing with or shortly before the leaves; peduncles leafy, 0.5-1.5 cm; scales brown-black, villous, 1.5-2 mm, persistent; stamens 2.
Flowers late April to early May
Wetland indicator: Facultative Wetland
Common on open sand near Lake Michigan in the Chicago region. Swink and Wilhelm use the name S. glaucophylloides Fern for this plant.
Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.
The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY
Swink, F. and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region.
Indiana Academy of Science. The Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.
Michael Hough © 2005