Sanicula marilandica L. - Maryland Sanicle


 

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Sanicula marilandica - (image 1 of 4)

 

Taxonomy

Family: Apiaceae

Habitat

Moist to somewhat dry woods and thickets, in gravelly neutral to acid soils. Also occurs in white cedar swamps.

Associates

 

Distribution

Newfoundland and Quebec to British Columbia, south to northern FL, MO, and NM.

Morphology

Herbaceous perennial; leaves 5(7)-lobed or compound, doubly serrate, sometimes becoming incised toward the apex; sepals lance-subulate, 1-1.5 mm; staminate flowers 12-25 per umbellet and surpassing the fruits; style much longer than the bristles of the fruit.

Notes

Flowers June to August

Wetland indicator: FACU

Of the four Sanicula spp. that occur in NY, this is one of only two that have distinctly long styles. The other, S. odorata, has more yellowish flowers, staminate flowers on short stalks, and tends to occur in more dense colonies.

References

Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.

The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY

 


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 Michael Hough 2018