Sanicula trifoliata Bickn. - Large-fruited Sanicle


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Sanicula trifoliata - (image 1 of 3)



Family: Apiaceae


Rich woods.




VT and Quebec to southern WI and northeast IA, south to NC and TN.


Fibrous-rooted biennial; leaves 3-parted, leaflets coarsely and doubly serrate to incised, the lateral leaflets often deeply lobed; flowers white, staminate flowers 2-7 per umbellet, on slender pedicels and exceeding the bristles of the fruit; sepals at maturity connivent into a beak and much exceeding the bristles of the fruit; fruits sessile.


Flowers June to August

Wetland indicator: NA

This species is similar to S. canadensis which differs in that the sepals of the fruit are inconspicuous (0.6-1.5 mm) and do not exceed the bristles of the fruit at maturity; in addition S. candensis has staminate flowers that or more or less sessile, a characteristic that can be useful for identification if the fruits are not mature.


Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.

The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY




 Michael Hough 2018