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Moist to dry, open woods and rocky slopes.
New Brunswick west to Manitoba, south to GA, LA, and OK.
Herbaceous perennial to 10 cm at flowering, 40 cm later in the season. Leaves all basal, oblong or ovate, 2-5 cm, entire or serrate. Flowers numerous in a branched inflorescence; flowering stems often solitary or few; petals white, 4-6 mm, spatulate to ovate; sepals spreading or ascending.
Flowers April to May
Wetland indicator: Facultative -
The interesting scalloped edge of the leaves, when present, makes this species somewhat easy to identify late in the season.
Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of
Northeastern United States
and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.
The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY
USDA, NRCS. 2002.
The PLANTS Database, Version 3.5 (http://plants.usda.gov).
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.
Michael Hough © 2009