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Frequent in prairies. Sandy prairies and savannas. Able to withstand degradation of the habitat
Often with Hypoxis hirsuta in prairies.
NY west to ND, south to GA and OK.
Herbaceous perennial monocot to 40 cm; pale green and somewhat glaucous; stems winged. Leaves 1.5-4 mm wide. Spathes mostly paired at the stop of the simple stem, the lower (outer) one with a foliaceous outer bract longer than the other bracts; inner floral bracts 2 or rarely 3, often purple-tinged; tepals 8-12 mm, blue-violet or white.
Flowers late April to early July
Wetland indicator: Facultative Upland
Common in the Chicago region and widespread in the northeast.
Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.
The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY
Swink, F. and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region.
Indiana Academy of Science. The Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.
Michael Hough © 2005