Sium suave Walter - Tall Water Parsnip


 

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Sium suave - (image 1 of 7)

 

Taxonomy

Family: Apiaceae

Habitat

Marshes, ditches. Ponds, lakes, streams, meadows, swamps, tidal river shores, and floodplain forests.

Associates

 

 Distribution

Newfoundland west to AK and Siberia, south FL to CA.

Morphology

Herbaceous, aquatic perennial with both submersed and emersed leaves, to 2 m. Leaves compound, odd-pinnate, rarely simple, serrate, long-petioled, to 10" long; leaflets toothed, the basal ones often submerged and finely cut (image 6). Flowers in twice-compound umbels; petals white. Fruit an ovoid schizocarp, slightly compressed laterally, with prominent corky winged ribs.

Notes

Flowers mid July to mid September

Wetland indicator: Obligate

Although the roots of this plant are reputed to be edible, its resemblance to Water Hemlock (Cicuta maculata) makes this a dangerous proposition. It is generally wise to leave all aquatic members of this family alone. Additionally, the poison hemlock of antiquity, Conium maculatum L., has naturalized widely in the U.S. and has similar flowers but more finely dissected leaves; it occurs as a weed in moist to dry, disturbed habitats.

References

Crow, Garrett E and C. Barre Hellquist. 2000. Aquatic and Wetland Plants of Northeastern North America
Vol. 1. Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms, and Angiosperms: Dicotyledons
The University of Wisconsin Press. Madison, WI

 

Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.

The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY

 

Niering, W. A. 1979. The Audubon society field guide to North American wildflowers: eastern region.
Knopf/Random House, New York.

 

Swink, F. and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region.
Indiana Academy of Science. The Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.

 


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 Michael Hough 2005