Smilax hispida Muhl. ex Torr. - Bristly Greenbrier


 

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Smilax hispida - (image 1 of 5)

 

Taxonomy

Family: Smilacaceae

Habitat

Moist woods and thickets. Rich dune slopes.

Associates

 

 Distribution

CT and NY, south to northern FL, west to MI, southern MN, NE, and TX.

Morphology

Woody vine. Stems long; lower part of stems covered in dark, flexible, needle-like prickles; young stems terete or variously angled but not quadrangular. Leaves deciduous, shiny green, ovate to rotund, acute to rounded, margin not thickened. Peduncles flattened, usually at least twice as long as subtending petiole; flowers small, greenish in globular umbels. Fruit a black, 1- or 2-seeded berry.

Notes

Flowers May to June

Wetland indicator: Upland

Swink & Wilhelm use the name Smilax taminoides L. var. hispida (Torr.) Fern for this plant, as does the USDA. In Gleason & Cronquist the authority given for S. hispida is Rafinesque. A typographical error perhaps?

References

Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.
The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY

 

Swink, F. and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region.
Indiana Academy of Science. The Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.

 

USDA, NRCS. 2002.
The PLANTS Database, Version 3.5 (http://plants.usda.gov).
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA

 


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 Michael Hough 2009