Smilax lasioneura Hook. - Common Carrion Flower


 

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Smilax lasioneura - (image 1 of 5)

 

Taxonomy

Family: Smilacaceae

Habitat

Frequent in woods. Shaded dune slopes. Also in open habitats like clearings, old pastures, fencerows, and roadsides.

Associates

Allium tricoccum burdickii, Claytonia virginica, Crytotaenia canadensis, Galium aparine, Geranium maculatum, Hydrophyllum virginianum, Podophyllum peltatum, Polygonatum canaliculatum, Ranunculus abortivus, Ranunculus septentrionalis, Sanicula gregaria, Viola sororia.

 Distribution

Mainly west of the Appalachians, west to MT, WY, CO and OK, and south to western FL.

Morphology

Herbaceous perennial vine, without prickles. Stems to 7' high, at least 3.5' when in flower, climbing by tendrils, normally freely branching. Flowers greenish; penduncles borne in the axils of leaves with fully developed blades, seldom more than twice as long as the subtending petioles. Fruit a blue-black, glaucous berry with 3-6 seeds.

Notes

Flowers early May to late July

Wetland indicator: Upland in the Chicago region

Some authorities call this plant S. herbacea var. lasioneura (Hook.) Rydb. Typical S. herbacea is completely glabrous and may be restricted to the Appalachian and Blue Ridge mountains. Plants with short-acuminate leaves, shiny green lower leaf surfaces, peduncles mostly 5-10 as long as the subtending petioles, and black fruit (var. pulverulenta [Michx.] A. Gray) occur from southeast NY to VA and western NC, west irregularly to IN, MO, eastern KS, and AR.

References

Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.
The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY

 

Swink, F. and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region.
Indiana Academy of Science. The Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.

 


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 Michael Hough 2005