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Shaded ground, especially in calcareous soils. Also in shaded calcareous springy places.
On north facing slopes with Amphicarpaea bracteata, Arabis laevigata, Aster shortii, Eupatorium rugosum, Hepatica acutiloba, Sanguinaria canadensis, Thalictrum dioicum, Uvularia grandiflora.
Nova Scotia and New Brunswick west to ND, south to VA, KY, and AR, and in mountain to GA.
Herbaceous, rhizomatous perennial. Leaves mainly cauline, sharply toothed, acuminate, usually hirsute beneath at least on the midrib and main veins, broadly ovate, the larger ones more than 3 cm wide and to 10 cm long, abruptly contracted to a winged petiole. Stems glabrous below the inflorescence, sharply angled at nodes. Flowers yellow; the lower heads in short axillary racemes.
Flowers early August to mid October
Wetland indicator: Facultative Upland
Also known as Zig-Zag Goldenrod in reference to the shape of the stem.
Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of
Northeastern United States
and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.
The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY
Swink, F. and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region.
Indiana Academy of Science. The Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.
Michael Hough © 2005