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Swamps, wet meadows, pond and bog borders, calcareous fens.
VT west to WI, south to GA, MS, and TX.
Herbaceous perennial to 2 m. Stems more or less strongly angled, glabrous below the inflorescence. Leaves strongly scabrous above; lower and upper leaves dissimilar; the lowermost 4-10 cm wide, sharply toothed, with a somewhat sheathing petiole; the upper gradually reduced but still toothed. Flowers yellow; heads in paniculiform inflorescences; inflorescence branches wide-spreading, recurved-secund; rays 5-12.
Flowers August to October
Wetland indicator: Obligate
Also called Rough-leaved Goldenrod.
Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of
Northeastern United States
and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.
The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY
Swink, F. and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region.
Indiana Academy of Science. The Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.
Michael Hough © 2009