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Open woods. Fire adapted
Nova Scotia south o GA and FL, west to MN, KS, and TX.
Herbaceous perennial to 1.2 m, from a branched caudex, without creeping rhizomes; stems glabrous or nearly so below the inflorescence; leaves mainly cauline, numerous, thin, sharpy serrate, acute or acuminate, short-petiolate or subsessile, hirsute on the lower surface; lower leaves smaller and less persistent than those above; flowers yellow; heads crowded in paniculiform inflorescences; inflorescence branches few, divergent, recurved-secund; rays 3-5(-6); disk flowers 4-7.
Flowers late July to November
Wetland indicator: UPL
The leaves are similar to those of S. rugosa except they usually taper abruptly to a short petiole. In addition, S. rugosa is rhizomatous with hairy stems and heads with 6-12 ray flowers. Solidago arguta is another similar species but has leaves that are glabrous on the lower surface, lower leaves that are usually more rounded (like S. flexicaulis), heads with 8-20 disk flowers, and glabrous fruit (cypselae).
Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of
Northeastern United States
and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.
The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY
Swink, F. and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region.
Indiana Academy of Science. The Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.
Michael Hough © 2009