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Calcareous fens, seeps, shores, ditches.
Nova Scotia and New Brunswick to southern Ontario and MI, south to KY and WV.
Perennial to 25 cm. Leaves usually remaining until anthesis; flowers in about 3 vertical ranks; sepals connate for 0.6-0.8 mm at base; labellum 5-6 mm, bright yellow or orange-yellow distally with white margins; viscidium ovoid; column white.
Flowers June to July
Wetland indicator: FACW
This species flowers earlier than many other Spiranthes spp. Not uncommon but populations are typically small. The relatively short flowers are adapted for pollination by short-tongued bees.
Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of
Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.
The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY
Michael Hough © 2017