Trillium recurvatum L. C. Beck - Red Trillium


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Trillium recurvatum - (image 1 of 6)



Family: Liliaceae


Woodlands. Survives in pastures and other degraded habitats




Western Ontario and southern MI, southern WI, and eastern IA, south to AL, LA, and eastern TX.


Herbaceous perennial from a long, slender rhizome. Leaves with a petiole 1-2 cm, the blade elliptic to ovate or subrotund, acute or short-acuminate, mottled. Flower solitary, sessile; sepals lance-triangular, often reflexed at anthesis, 2-2.5 cm; petals maroon, erect or incurved, 2-3 cm, slenderly clawed, lanceolate to ovate, acute or short-acuminate; ovary 6-winged.


Flowers mid April to mid June

Wetland indicator: Facultative Upland -

Easy to grow, often forming colonies. Also called Prairie Trillium.


Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.

The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY


Swink, F. and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region.
Indiana Academy of Science. The Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.




 Michael Hough 2005