Trillium recurvatum L. C. Beck - Red Trillium


 

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Trillium recurvatum - (image 1 of 6)

 

Taxonomy

Family: Liliaceae

Habitat

Woodlands. Survives in pastures and other degraded habitats

Associates

 

 Distribution

Western Ontario and southern MI, southern WI, and eastern IA, south to AL, LA, and eastern TX.

Morphology

Herbaceous perennial from a long, slender rhizome. Leaves with a petiole 1-2 cm, the blade elliptic to ovate or subrotund, acute or short-acuminate, mottled. Flower solitary, sessile; sepals lance-triangular, often reflexed at anthesis, 2-2.5 cm; petals maroon, erect or incurved, 2-3 cm, slenderly clawed, lanceolate to ovate, acute or short-acuminate; ovary 6-winged.

Notes

Flowers mid April to mid June

Wetland indicator: Facultative Upland -

Easy to grow, often forming colonies. Also called Prairie Trillium.

References

Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.

The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY

 

Swink, F. and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region.
Indiana Academy of Science. The Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.

 


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 Michael Hough 2005