Vaccinium vitis-idaea L. - Ligonberry


 

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Vaccinium vitis-idaea - (image 1 of 3)

 

Taxonomy

Family: Ericaceae

Habitat

In bogs or on rocks.

Associates

 

 Distribution

Boreal North America and Eurasia, south to the high peaks of New England, the shore of ME, and to MN and British Columbia.

Morphology

Low, prostrate or tailing shrub to 20 cm; leaves 8-18 mm, coriaceous, evergreen, subsessile, elliptic to obovate-oblong, rounded at both ends, entire, dotted with black glands underneath; flowers in small terminal clusters, each on a short, glandular pedicel from the axil of a bud scale; sepals glandular-ciliate; corolla campanulate, 5-7 mm, 4-lobed nearly to the middle; stamens 8, included; fruit red, edible, tart, ca. 1 cm.

Notes

Flowers June to July.

Wetland indicator: FAC

Photographed in the alpine zone on Mount Washington, NH. The flowers were still in bud and the fruit had persisted from the previous year.

References

Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.

The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY

 

USDA, NRCS. 2002. The PLANTS Database, Version 3.5 (http://plants.usda.gov).

National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.

 


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 Michael Hough 2018