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Moist woods, often near springs or along stream banks. Woodland edges and along fencerows.
Quebec west to southeast Saskatchewan and southeast MT, south to NJ, VA, IL, MO, NE, WY, and CO.
Tall shrub or small tree to 10 m. Leaves ovate to oblong, sharply acuminate, finely serrate, lateral veins branching before reaching leaf margin. Cymes sessile. Fruit a waxy blue-black drupe, sweet; stone flattened.
Flowers late April to early June
Wetland indicator: Facultative+
A good shrub for landscaping. Fruits are said to be quite palatable but I have never tried them.
Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of
Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.
The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY
Swink, F. and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region.
Indiana Academy of Science. The Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.
Michael Hough © 2005