Viola pedata L. var. lineariloba DC. - Bird's Foot Violet


 

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Viola pedata - (image 1 of 7)

 

Taxonomy

Family: Violaceae

Habitat

Dunes, sandy oak savanna, black-soil prairies, and hill prairies. Dry fields and open woods.

Associates

 

 Distribution

ME west to MN, south to northern FL and eastern TX.

Morphology

Herbaceous perennial from an erect rootstock, glabrous or nearly so. Leaves all basal, 3-parted, the lateral segment 3-5 cleft into linear or lanceolate divisions. Flowers 2-4 cm wide; petals beardless, lilac-purple, the upper 2 sometimes darker purple; stamens orange, exserted; does not produce cleistogamous flowers; style clavate, beakless, obliquely concave at the top. Seeds copper-brown.

Notes

Flowers late April to early August

Wetland indicator: Upland

Notice that the stamens protrude from the flower.

References

Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.

The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY

 

Swink, F. and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region.
Indiana Academy of Science. The Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.

 


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 Michael Hough 2005