Viola pedatifida  G. Don - Prairie Violet


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Viola pedatifida - (image 1 of 3)



Family: Violaceae


Prairie remnants, hill prairies.




Alberta south to OK, east to Manitoba, MI, IN, and cedar glades of KY and TN.


Herbaceous perennial from a short rootstock. Leaves all basal, ascending or erect, strongly dissected, typically 3-parted, with each division again cleft into linear lobes again cut into 2-4 segments. Flowers equaling or slightly surpassing the early leaves, deep to pale violet, sometimes streaked or white, 2-3 cm wide; 3 lower petals bearded or the spurred petals occasionally beardless; cleistogamous flowers on prostrate or erect peduncles. Fruit ovoid to ellipsoid, surpassing the sepals; seeds brown.


Flowers late April to early June

Wetland indicator: Facultative Upland -

May be closely aligned with V. palmata, a plant of savannas that occurs from ME west to MN, south to FL and TX. Gleason & Cronquist consider V. pedatifida to be a variety of V. palamata.


Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.

The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY


Swink, F. and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region.
Indiana Academy of Science. The Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.




 Michael Hough 2005